While some exposure to sunlight can be enjoyable, too much can be dangerous. Overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun can result in a painful sunburn and may lead to more serious health problems. This article provided by the US Environmental Protection Agency explains simple steps to protect you and your children from overexposure to UV radiation.
Follow these tips from to stay safe in the sun:
- Do NOT burn. Sunburn significantly increases one’s lifetime risk of developing skin cancer, especially for children.
- Avoid Sun Tanning and Tanning Beds. UV radiation from tanning beds and the sun causes skin cancer and wrinkling.
- Generously Apply Sunscreen. Generously apply about one ounce of sunscreen to cover all exposed skin 15 minutes before going outside. Sunscreen should have a SPF of at least 30 and provide broad-spectrum protection from UVA and UVB rays. Reapply every two hours, even on cloudy days, and after swimming or sweating.
- Wear Protective Clothing. Wear items such as long-sleeved shirt, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses, when possible.
- Seek Shade. When possible, seek shade, and remember that the sun’s UV rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Use Extra Caution Near Water, Snow and Sand. Water, snow and sand reflect the damaging rays of the sun, which can increase your chance of sunburn.
- Check the UV Index. The UV Index provides important information to help you plan your outdoor activities in ways that prevent sun overexposure.
- Get Vitamin D Safely. Get Vitamin D safely through a diet that includes vitamin supplements and foods fortified with Vitamin D.
Check for your local UV Index here: https://www.epa.gov/sunsafety/uv-index-1